NECESSITY OF FIRE FIGHTING
The fire fighting system in the
sub station is very essential
Saves the equipment from damage
Loss of life & loss of equipment
can be prevented
Regular trial operation of the
system is necessary to detect any fault /deficiency in the
EQUIPMENTS USED IN FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEM
- FIRE ALARM SYSTEM
- FIRE ALARM CONTROL PANEL (FACP)
- FIRE DETECTOR
- FIRE HYDRANT SYSTEM
- AUTOMATIC WATER SPRINKLE SYSTEM
- CO2 FLOODING SYSTEM
- PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEM
- FIRE HOSE CABINET
- HOSE REEL
- FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
- FIRE SUPRESSION SYSTEM
FIRE ALARM SYSTEM
An Automatic fire alarm system
is designed to perceive the unwanted presence of fire by monitoring environmental changes related with
combustion. The fire alarm systems work on 230V supply and have provision for battery
backup. The equipment provides dispatch output for interfacing with security panel,
auto-dialer, audio alarm via siren or buzzer and have zone-wise visual indications for
open, short, test or bypass conditions. Automatic fire alarm systems are proposed
to notify the building occupants to evacuate in the event of a fire or other
emergency and to prepare the structure and associated systems to control the spread of fire
FIRE ALARM CONTROL PANEL (FACP)
It is the controlling component of a Fire Alarm System. The
panel obtain information from environmental sensors designed to detect changes related with
fire, monitors their operational reliability and provides for automatic control of equipment,
and transmission of information necessary to prepare the facility for fire based on a
predetermined sequence. The panel may also supply electrical energy to operate any associated sensor,
control, transmitter, or relay. There are four basic types of panels: coded panels, conventional panels,
addressable panels, and multiplex systems
Detection of fire at initial
stage plays very important role as it enables in suppressing
the fire by means of the fire fighting equipments and prevent it from
developing in to a major fire.
- This system will provide alarm signal at the
initial stage of fire.
- Detectors are located at strategic positions
in the area covered by this system.
- Detectors are arranged in zones so that the
area of fire can be easily identified.
- If any of the detectors in a zone is actuated
an audio cum visual signal will be given
to the control panel.
Most smoke detectors work either by:
- Optical exposure (photoelectric)
- Physical process (ionization)
FIRE HYDRANT SYSTEM
A fire hydrant is an active fire
protection measure, and a source of water provided in most urban, suburban and rural areas with municipal water service
to enable firefighters to tap into the municipal water supply to support in extinguishing a fire.
The Hydrant System comprises of AC motor driven pump sets with
all required accessories including valves, instrumentation and controls etc.
We provide a comprehensive range of fire hydrant systems that
are commissioned on a turnkey basis. These fire systems can easily detect fire in
the initial stage and can be controlled automatically by dialing to the fire brigade
Highly cost effective, our range of systems is known for their
reliability and durable performance. Further, we also consider the specific
requirements of the clients while installing these systems.
- The Hydrant system is spread in the
switchyard and the auxiliary systems
- Large pipes of dia 300mm/250mm/150mm either
underneath or above the ground runs in
- Identification –
post office red painted
- The pressure in the line is maintained by
the air compressor in auto mode –
- The hydro pneumatic tank maintains the
pressure and loss of water.
- Jockey pump maintains the water level in the
AUTOMATIC WATER SPRINKLE SYSTEM
One of the oldest & traditional ways of fire protection, which
is water based protection system, is in the form of automatic sprinklers. A fire sprinkler system
is an active fire protection measure, consisting of a water supply system, providing adequate
pressure and flowrate to a water distribution piping system, onto which fire sprinklers are
MGS can provide you with complete designing of sprinkler
system for any kind of hazard. Fully automatic, these fire sprinkler systems operate at a preset
temperature, utilizing a fusible link. Further, our range of Fire sprinkler systems is installed in
various industries, hotels, hospitals and multiplexes to ensure safety measures. Known for their
corrosion resistance, these are also fitted with sealed ball bearings to withstand thrust and redial load.
Various sprinkler system network designing can be done to
cater the specific needs of the customers varying from residential to commercial and
CO2 FLOODING SYSTEM
Co2 at atmospheric pressure is a
colorless, odorless and electrically Non Conductive inert gas, It has high expansion ratio which facilities rapid
discharge and allows three dimensional quick penetration in the entire hazard area. Made from premium
quality components, this system's importance lies in the fact that it has high
efficiency to extinguish fire by reducing the oxygen content of the protected area below the point where
it can support combustion. Designed to withstand every climatic conditions, these devices
are widely used in following area of applications:
Description/Specification of Co2
We are engaged in offering a comprehensive range of
qualitative Co2 flooding systems. These have high expansion ratio that leads to rapid discharge and
facilitates three dimensional penetration of the entire hazard area in a fastest manner.
Some of the advantages of Co2 system are :-
PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEM :-
It is an Electronic amplification system that is used as a
communication system in public areas. Designed with amplifier and loudspeakers, this
amplification setup is used to reinforce a given sound. Its main work is to guide commuters
in case of any emergency.
FIRE HOSE CABINET :-
An arrangement of piping, valves, hose connections, and
related equipment installed in a building or structure, with the hose connections located in such a
manner that water can be discharged in streams or spray patterns through attached hose and nozzles,
for the purpose of extinguishing a fire,thereby protecting a
building or structure and its contents in addition to
protecting the occupants.
This is accomplished by means of connections to water supply
systems or by means of pumps, tanks, and other equipment necessary to provide an adequate
supply of water to the hose connections. These are mainly red color cabinets have been
placed at strategic location.
Hose reel system is intended for
the occupant to use during the early stages of fire and
comprises hose reel pumps, fire water tank, hose reels, pipe work and
valves. The hose reel system generally serves as an initial fire fighting aid. When the hose reel is
brought into use the pressure in the pipe immediately downstream of the pump check valves will drops
below the field adjusted pressure setting of the pressure switch thereby triggering the pump to
comes into operation automatically to feed a steady supply of water to discharge through the
hose.Fire fighting hose reel is the part which can be easily
accessible. The fire hose reel outlets should beproperly
housed in glass fronted cabinet secured under lock and key.
We offer our clients a wide range of fire extinguishers that
comprise following types: A B C" Stored pressure type: Our ABC fire extinguisher is useful for
fires of A, B and C types. Fire breaking out in these types involves cotton, wood, grease,
flammable liquids, electrical wiring, live machinery and others. Capacity: 1Kg, 2 Kg, 5 Kg, 10 Kg, & above with
Types of Fire :
Class A Fire: Fire fuelled by
ordinary combustible materials like paper, wood and cardboard. Class B Fire: Fire fuelled by
flammable / combustible liquids like gasoline, kerosene,
grease and oil. Class C Fire: Electrical fires
caused due to faulty wiring or failure of electrical
equipments. Class D Fire: Fire fuelled by
combustible metals like Magnesium, Potassium and Sodium etc. Class K Fire: Fires involving
cooking oils, trans-fats, or fats in cooking appliances. It is important to know the exact cause of fire and material
present there that will decide the type of fire extinguisher to be used. Using the wrong kind of fire
extinguisher can actually make the fire spread faster. Since some fires may involve a combination of
these classifications, we suggest that your fire extinguishers ideally should be of ABC rating
meaning it can control fire of A, B and C classes.
Types of Fire Extinguishers :
We supply a range of fire extinguishers which can be one of
the following types based on the type
of fire extinguishing agent.
Water or APW (air-pressurized water)
Fire Extinguishers: These are suitable for Class A
Dry Chemical Fire Extinguishers:
They are filled with sodium bicarbonate (Na2CO3) or
potassium bicarbonate (K2CO3). These are good for BC fires.
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Fire Extinguishers:
These are filled with highly pressurized CO2 , which
is a non-flammable gas. These can be used on BC fires,
Foam Fire Extinguishers: These
are good for AB fires, particularly where petrol, parrafin,
varnishes, spirits, flammable liquids are involved.
Dry Powder Fire Extinguishers:
These can be used on classes AB fires.
Colour Coding of Fire Extinguishers :
- Water - Red
- Foam - Cream
- Dry Powder - Blue
- Carbon Dioxide (CO2) – Black
Fire Extinguisher Holders :
- Extinguisher stand
- Extinguisher trolley
- Extinguisher wall bracket
- Extinguisher transport bracket
- Extinguisher box
FIRE SUPRESSION SYSTEM :-
Fire suppression systems are used to reduce the level of
damage and down time by automatically
suppressing the fire ready for the Fire Service to get there
and ensure it is out and safe to return.
The operation of the fire suppression system in a fire
situation can greatly reduce in most cases the
level of damage and with some cases very little loss of
production and downtime. Leaving you to
replace a small PCB or piece of equipment that caused the
fire, rather than all the equipment within
CO2 Fire Suppression System
Fast, efficient and adaptable to a wide range of hazards,
carbon dioxide fire suppression systems
protect a variety of commercial and industrial facilities.
This system smothers protected areas with
a heavy blanket of CO2 to decrease the oxygen level so
combustion cannot happen.
Unique features and benefits:
Fast – Within seconds, CO2
penetrates entire hazard areas to smother fires.
Environmentally friendly – CO2
exists as a gas in the Earth's atmosphere. A by-product of
combustion, its use has no environmental impact.
Nondamaging – CO2 is a clean
agent fire protection system, does not cause spoilage,
cleanup and leaves no residue.
Nonconductive – Because it does
not produce electricity, CO2 can be used for a wide variety of
Adaptive – CO2 is effective on a
wide range of flammable and combustible materials.